Instructions for preparation of final accepted manuscripts
Authors should adhere to the following guidelines or papers may be
returned for reformatting prior to publication. Unless otherwise
specified here, authors should follow the style described in the Fourth
Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological
Association. This Manual is widely available in bookstores and
libraries. It can also be ordered from the American Psychological
Association: APA Order Department, PO Box 2710, Hyattsville, MD 20784.
For the final accepted manuscript, please double-space all materials
including (in order) the main text, endnote list (not footnotes!),
reference list, list of figure captions and table captions, and short
author biographies (see below). Include tables and full-sized figures
(numbered, but without captions) each on a separate page at the end of
the manuscript, without the table or figure captions, but with the
table/figure number indicated on the page. Manuscripts should be
formatted for 8.5 x 11-inch or A4 paper (one side only), with a minimum
of 1 inch (2.5 cm) margins all around, in an 11-point font (e.g. Times
Roman). Every page should be numbered on the upper right-hand corner
starting with the title page. Manuscripts should not normally exceed
the equivalent of 20 printed journal pages (50 double-spaced manuscript
The title page (page 1) should include:
The second page should contain an abstract of about 150 words or less,
summarizing the main questions and results presented in the paper. This
should be followed by a list of up to six key words.
- The paper’s title (typically 12 words or less)
- A short running title (not more than 50 characters, including
- The names and affiliations of the authors (e.g., William D.
Hamilton, University of Oxford, Department of Zoology)
- The phone, fax, email, and mailing address of the author with
whom the editor, publisher and readers should correspond
Begin the text of the article on page 3. Divide the text into short
logical sections and subsections to aid the reader, and number them
consecutively, e.g. 1, 1.1, 1.2, 2. Endnotes may be used sparingly.
Follow the text with any endnotes and acknowledgments listed on
Begin the reference list on a new page following the acknowledgments
page. References (not numbered) and citations, e.g. (Hamilton, 1963),
must conform to the style in the Fourth Edition of the Publication
Manual of the American Psychological Association. Carefully check all
citations and references for correctness, completeness, and
consistency. Be sure to include editor names for all proceedings and
edited volumes where available, as well as the page numbers of
chapters, and the city and name of the publisher. The names (last names
and initials) of all authors must be given in the reference list. The
last names of all authors must be mentioned in the first text citation;
after that, the first author and “et al.” may be used if there are
three or more authors.
Figures and tables (each appearing on a separate page at the end of the
manuscript with their corresponding number) should be numbered using
Arabic numerals. In the main text, the placement of figures and tables
should be indicated with a single line such as “Figure 1 about
here”. See the APA manual for specific details about typing
tables. Each table and figure must have a caption (listed in two
separate lists after the references as indicated above, not printed on
the pages with the figures or tables themselves). Figures should
provide essential information, not merely illustrate the text.
High-contrast black and white graphics and high-quality black and white
photographs are both acceptable. Graphics and lettering should be clear
and sharp enough to accommodate probable reduction for publication.
Figures should be designed to be either 8 cm or 16 cm wide and no more
than 22 cm tall.
Color graphics can only be used on payment of a page fee for each
printed page of color graphics. Computer graphics should be saved in
TIFF (LZW compression enabled) or EPS format. Contact the publisher
before submitting other formats. All graphics must have a minimum
resolution of 300 dots per inch (118 dots per cm). Quality and the
ability to reproduce the figures are the main considerations.
Any figure that will be reprinted or adapted from a previously
published source must be accompanied by written permission from the
copyright holder to reprint the figure in Adaptive Behavior. Any fees
associated with the permission to reprint are solely the responsibility
of the author.
In addition, please provide the following items for each author: a
black and white head and shoulders photograph (preferably as an EPS or
JPEG file), and a short introductory biography of 100 words or less
which ends with the author's email and mailing addresses. The
biographies should be included at the end of the manuscript (also
What to send:
The entire manuscript must be emailed in to the Editor in two forms: 1.
as a PDF file which includes all text, endnotes, acknowledgments,
references, figure and table captions, figures, tables, and
biographies. 2. in an electronic form from which text can be
readily extracted, such as TeX, LaTeX, MS Word, or other Macintosh or
Windows word-processing format. Additionally, send all figures as
separate files (e.g. EPS of at least 300 dpi, or JPEG) named
numerically (e.g., “figure1.eps”), and send the author photos as
separate files named appropriately (e.g., “smith.eps”). Please
check the files to make sure there are no viruses present.